Do you struggle with guessing how well done your steak is? Do you make a calculated guess based on thickness of the steak, heat of the fire, and a length of time to the desired doneness? Sometimes that works, but often it fails dismally. So, is there a better way? How do steak houses seemly get it right every time? Have you noticed that they don’t poke them with meat thermometers? Any time you poke a hot steak you let all those delicious juices run out into the plate where they are wasted. Professional chefs can tell when a steak is done just by feeling it, and you can learn how to do the touch test too.
Chefs have developed four primary “touch” methods, including the “Face Test,” where the firmness of the steak is compared to various areas of the face. But, we don’t like the idea of our cooks touching their face while they’re cooking food, so we are going to discuss three other methods that use hands, which are more likely to be clean every time. Each of these methods takes a bit of practice, which is a great reason to cook (and eat) more steak.
Spring Back Touch Method
- Lightly press the center of the steak with your thumb. If it feels really soft, or jelly-like, it is still rare.
- When the center of a steak has a little more resistance and just springs right back, its perfectly medium rare. (It’s important that it springs back!).
- If it’s just firm and hard, and has no springiness, it’s well done (overcooked, in our humble opinion).
Fist Touch Method
- First, make a relaxed fist. The fleshy area of your hand between your thumb and forefinger is soft, which is how a rare steak feels.
- Now, slightly clench your fist. It will feel a little firmer, like medium doneness.
- The last step: Clench your fist tightly, and that area will feel like well-done meat.
Palm of the Hand Method
We like this one best: Here’s how to do the Palm method:
- Hold your hand out, palm up, and relaxed. Poke your hand by the base of the thumb with your other index finger. This is what raw meat feels like.
- Now, make an OK sign with your hand by touching your forefinger and thumb together. Feel the same part of your hand. It’s a little firmer. This is how meat feels when it’s rare.
- Move your other fingers to your thumb in the following order. As you do, you’ll notice the pad of your hand will get progressively firmer:
- Touch your middle finger to the tip of your thumb. That’s how a medium rare steak feels.
- Next, touch the tip of your ring finger to your thumb. This is what a medium-well will feel like.
- Lastly, touch your pinkie to your thumb. That’s the equivalent of a well-done steak.
Both these methods are fairly easy, and once you get the hang of it, you’ll cook perfect steaks every time.
Sound sound too complicated? It really isn’t, but we realize that the touch method can appear to be, until you get some practice in. In the meantime, if you would rather continue using an instant read thermometer, here are the temperatures for doneness:
- Extra Rare – 115-120 degrees
- Rare – 125-130 degrees
- Medium Rare – 135-140 degrees
- Medium 145-150 degrees
- Medium-Well – 155-160 degrees
- Well Done – 165 degrees
What happens if the steak has a gorgeous crust, but the temperature clocks in too low? It’s time for pan roasting! Fire up the oven and preheat it to 400 degrees F. Meanwhile, put your steak on a roasting rack on a baking sheet with sides. Stick it in the oven. It’ll finish cooking without getting too dark.
For other insights into proper techniques for cooking that delicious piece of steak, see our notes on 7 Tips to Cooking Great Steaks.